The US state of Wisconsin is located in the northern United States. About 5.8 million people live in Badger State, whose capital is Madison.

The northern US state of Wisconsin measures almost 170,000 kmĀ². The so-called Badger State is home to around 5.8 million residents. Due to the large number of German and Scandinavian immigrants when the United States was founded, Wisconsin has a formative cultural proximity to the Central European states, which is also reflected in city names such as New Berlin or Rhinelander. Neighboring states of Wisconsin are Michigan, Minnesota, Illinois, and Iowa. In the southern region of the state is Madison, the capital founded in 1848, which today has around 250,000 residents.

Wisconsin – Badger State’s Backdrop

Before the European settlement, Wisconsin was mainly inhabited by primitive American tribes such as the Chippewa, the Menominee, the Potawatomi, the Oneida and the Ho Chunk. The Frenchman Jean Nicolet is considered to be the first European in the region in 1634, who got lost in what is now Wisconsin while looking for the Northwest Passage to China. It followed over a century of French settlement history until the British took control as a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1763. But the British had only a brief influence, so the state became a territory of the USA through the American Revolutionary War of 1783 until the British lost control of the region completely around 1812. The name Badger State is originally derived from the fur trade that is flourishing in Wisconsin. Even today, Wisconsin’s economy is shaped by agriculture.

Wisconsin – Cities and Attractions in America’s Dairyland

The largest and most important city in Wisconsin is Milwaukee on Lake Michigan with over 590,000 residents. The city was founded in 1846 and, with its art museums (Milwaukee Art Museum, Grohmann Museum, Haggerty Museum) and cultural institutions (Miller High Life Theater, Marcus Center for the Performing Arts), is the cultural center of the US state. Other major cities in Wisconsin are the capital Madison and Green Bay (about 105,000 residents).

Wisconsin State Bird and Flower

Largest Counties in Wisconsin by Area

According to Countryaah, the biggest counties in Wisconsin are listed as below:

Ranking County Area
1 Marathon County 4,001 km2
2 Bayfield County 3,828 km2
3 Marinette County 3,624 km2
4 Douglas County 3,378 km2
5 Sawyer County 3,256 km2
6 Price County 3,249 km2
7 Clark County 3,133 km2
8 Dane County 3,101 km2
9 Grant County 2,970 km2
10 Oneida County 2,883 km2
11 Ashland County 2,707 km2
12 Forest County 2,626 km2
13 Chippewa County 2,612 km2
14 Oconto County 2,585 km2
15 Jackson County 2,558 km2
16 Taylor County 2,525 km2
17 Polk County 2,367 km2
18 Rusk County 2,366 km2
19 Monroe County 2,333 km2
20 Shawano County 2,313 km2
21 Lincoln County 2,277 km2
22 Dodge County 2,268 km2
23 Langlade County 2,255 km2
24 Barron County 2,234 km2
25 Vilas County 2,219 km2
26 Dunn County 2,202 km2
27 Sauk County 2,152 km2
28 Burnett County 2,129 km2
29 Portage County 2,074 km2
30 Washburn County 2,065 km2
31 Wood County 2,054 km2
32 Vernon County 2,050 km2
33 Juneau County 1,986 km2
34 Columbia County 1,983 km2
35 Iowa County 1,975 km2
36 Iron County 1,964 km2
37 Waupaca County 1,937 km2
38 Trempealeau County 1,898 km2
39 St. Croix County 1,871 km2
40 Fond du Lac County 1,864 km2
41 Rock County 1,860 km2
42 Buffalo County 1,740 km2
43 Adams County 1,672 km2
44 Eau Claire County 1,652 km2
45 Outagamie County 1,651 km2
46 Lafayette County 1,641 km2
47 Waushara County 1,622 km2
48 Manitowoc County 1,526 km2
49 Richland County 1,518 km2
50 Green County 1,512 km2
51 Pierce County 1,486 km2
52 Crawford County 1,478 km2
53 Jefferson County 1,441 km2
54 Walworth County 1,438 km2
55 Waukesha County 1,423 km2
56 Brown County 1,372 km2
57 Sheboygan County 1,324 km2
58 Florence County 1,264 km2
59 Door County 1,248 km2
60 Marquette County 1,180 km2
61 La Crosse County 1,170 km2
62 Winnebago County 1,125 km2
63 Washington County 1,116 km2
64 Menominee County 926 km2
65 Green Lake County 905 km2
66 Kewaunee County 887 km2
67 Racine County 861 km2
68 Calumet County 824 km2
69 Kenosha County 704 km2
70 Milwaukee County 625 km2
71 Ozaukee County 604 km2
72 Pepin County 601 km2