The Dalai Lama Institution is a direct result of Gelugpa sect founder Tsong Khapa’s predictions that his nephew Gedun Drup (1st Dalai Lama 1391-1474) would be the first of a series of incarnations of Avalokitesvara.

It was Gedun Drup who, in honor of his teacher, Khedrup Je, founded the Tashilünpo Monastery in Tibet’s second largest city, Shigatse. Later it was decided that Tashilünpo’s head, the Panchen Lama, would become the incarnation of Amithabha (boundless light – on Tibetan Opame). The Panchen Lama is Tibet’s second highest incarnation. The 10th Panchen Lama, died in Beijing in 1989. In the spring of 1995, the 11th Panchen Lama was found. His name is Gedhun Choeki Nyima and he was born in April 1989 in the Lhari district of Nagchu province. There are several Western travel writers who have called the Panchen Lama, for the Tashi Lama.

According to, the Dalai Lama is the secular and spiritual head of Tibet and reincarnated in Avalokitesvara (Tibetan Chen Re himself), the Buddha aspect of compassion, compassion and compassion that has taken human form; or the protector of Tibet’s deities.

In the 16th century, Sonam Gyatso (the third Dalai Lama) visited Mongolia, introducing and converting the population to Buddhism for the second time. The Mongol ruler Altan Khan then declared Buddhism a state religion, giving Sonam Gyatso the title of the Dalai Lama – Ocean of Wisdom. In the West and China, the title Dalai Lama is most commonly used about the ruler of Gelugpa and Tibet, while in Tibet he is known as Gyalwa Rinpoche.

The current 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) was born in Takster, a small village in Amdo, northeastern Tibet (named after the Chinese occupation, Qinghai). He was born on the 5th day of the 5th month of the Year of the Forest Pig (July 6, 1935) and was named Lhamo Thondup. The current Dalai Lama’s eldest brother, Thubten Norbu is also a highly recognized and respected reincarnated Tulku.

The Dalai Lama institution was in power from 1391 until the Chinese occupied Tibet in 1950. In 1959, the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India, from where he has since led the peaceful Tibetan freedom struggle.

Recognized and brought up by a new Dalai Lama.

When the 13th Dalai Lama died in 1933, his reincarnation had to be found immediately. The National Assembly, the regent and the country’s highest llamas consulted with the state oracle, Nechung Chöje. Strange cloud formations and the13. The Dalai Lama’s sign (he had been placed in the summer palace, Norbulingka, with his face facing south, but after a few days his head pointed to the northeast) showed that one should lead in the eastern part of the country. Last but not least, one went to the famous and sacred oracle lake, Lhamo Lhatso. In the lake were shown three syllables AH, KA and MA, as well as a house with a turquoise roof. The “Letters” Ah stood for Amdo Province, Ka for Karma Rolpu Dorje Monastery at Kumbum (near Tsong Khapa’s birthplace).

A crowd of tall llamas and “wise men” then marched east and came to Kumbum and then to the village of Takster. Here they saw a small house with a turquoise roof where there were small children. Disguised as servants and poor, the tall llamas were invited inside by the family who lived in the house. The youngest son was interested in the visiting people and went to the one “servant” and said “Sera Aga” (Sera Lama), which he was. Then the little boy was put to a lot of tests, including the selection of things and effects that had belonged to it13. Dalai Lama. The boy “passed” all the tests. The 14th of Chen Re’s incarnations had been found.

In 1939, the 4-year-old Dalai Lama was taken to Lhasa, where he immediately began his long and rigorous upbringing and studies. His upbringing was a long teaching lesson in several subjects, including: reading / writing, memorizing the teachings of the Buddhist texts, the doctrine of the middle way, psychology, logic, metaphysics, dialectics, Sanskrit, arts and crafts.
In 1950, Tibet was invaded by Mao-China, which changed the political and spiritual situation in Tibet, as well as the life of the 15-year-old Dalai Lama. Despite his young age, he came of age and gained full political power and was crowned Tibet’s secular and spiritual chief on November 17, 1950.

In 1959, he passed his final exam, in a way that showed that he would not, like so many of his predecessors, become a mayon ruler. Later in 1959, eight long years after the Chinese invasion, the Dalai Lama was forced to flee the Tibetan capital, Lhasa, when the situation was too critical. The Dalai Lama fled through Sikkim to India, where several Tibetan exile communities arose, especially the Dharamsala, where the Dalai Lama’s government in exile is headquartered. Since 1959, more than 100,000 Tibetans have fled across the Himalayas to India and Sikkim, Bhutan and Nepal.

In 1989, the Dalai Lama received the Nobel Peace Prize for his 30-year struggle for freedom without the use of violence, which very well reflects the Tibetan religion.

The Dalai Lama Institution under Gelugpa