Oklahoma (“land of the red man”) has a relatively high proportion of the Indian population and oil reserves in relation to all US states.

According to Allcitypopulation.com, Oklahoma is a medium-sized state in the central south of the United States, the capital is Oklahoma City which is also the largest city in Oklahoma.

Name, location and residents of Oklahoma

The name of the state comes from the language of the Choctaw Indians and means “land of the red man”. Oklahoma is bordered by Missouri, Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, and Texas. Around 3.9 million people live on 181,035 square kilometers (as of 2019), making Oklahoma one of the medium-sized US states in terms of both area and population. A special feature of Oklahoma is the relatively high proportion of people of Indian origin. With more than nine percent (as of 2019), they are more represented in Oklahoma than in most other US states. 39 different Indian ethnic groups live here and maintain their traditions and customs.

Brief overview of the history of Oklahoma

The United States saw the area where Oklahoma is today as worthless and assigned it to some Indian tribes at the beginning of the 19th century. The forced relocation of around 50,000 people from the fertile woodlands to the barren area, which is designated as an Indian territory, went down in history as the “Trail of Tears”. Despite a government ban, more and more whites came and settled in the area. The Indian Territory was declared Oklahoma Territory at the end of the 19th century. After oil was found in the region, the influx of whites increased, and Tulsa temporarily became the “oil capital of the world”. In November 1907, Oklahoma became the 46th state to join the union.

Oklahoma today

In terms of the GDP per capita prosperity indicator, Oklahoma ranks 29th of all US states (as of 2018). Mining is an important industry. Coal, limestone and granite are mined, and natural gas is also extracted. Oil revenues make up about a quarter of Oklahoma’s total GDP. Politically, Oklahoma is considered a conservative state in which the Republicans traditionally dominate. It was not until the late 1960s that Oklahoma was one of the last US states to lift the ban on “mixed marriages”.

Largest Counties in Oklahoma by Area

According to Countryaah, the biggest counties in Oklahoma are listed as below:

Ranking County Area
1 Osage County 5,830 km2
2 Texas County 5,276 km2
3 McCurtain County 4,797 km2
4 Cimarron County 4,753 km2
5 Beaver County 4,698 km2
6 Le Flore County 4,108 km2
7 Pushmataha County 3,618 km2
8 Pittsburg County 3,383 km2
9 Woods County 3,333 km2
10 Caddo County 3,310 km2
11 Woodward County 3,217 km2
12 Ellis County 3,183 km2
13 Roger Mills County 2,958 km2
14 Grady County 2,852 km2
15 Comanche County 2,769 km2
16 Garfield County 2,740 km2
17 Harper County 2,691 km2
18 Kiowa County 2,629 km2
19 Washita County 2,600 km2
20 Grant County 2,593 km2
21 Dewey County 2,590 km2
22 Custer County 2,556 km2
23 Atoka County 2,533 km2
24 Lincoln County 2,484 km2
25 Major County 2,479 km2
26 Creek County 2,476 km2
27 Blaine County 2,406 km2
28 Kay County 2,380 km2
29 Bryan County 2,354 km2
30 Kingfisher County 2,339 km2
31 Beckham County 2,336 km2
32 Canadian County 2,331 km2
33 Stephens County 2,271 km2
34 Tillman County 2,258 km2
35 Alfalfa County 2,246 km2
36 Carter County 2,134 km2
37 Muskogee County 2,108 km2
38 Garvin County 2,095 km2
39 Hughes County 2,090 km2
40 Jackson County 2,080 km2
41 Pottawatomie County 2,041 km2
42 Choctaw County 2,005 km2
43 Craig County 1,971 km2
44 Jefferson County 1,966 km2
45 Cherokee County 1,945 km2
46 Logan County 1,930 km2
47 Delaware County 1,919 km2
48 Noble County 1,896 km2
49 Latimer County 1,870 km2
50 Pontotoc County 1,865 km2
51 Oklahoma County 1,836 km2
52 Okmulgee County 1,805 km2
53 Payne County 1,777 km2
54 Rogers County 1,748 km2
55 Sequoyah County 1,746 km2
56 Mayes County 1,699 km2
57 Johnston County 1,671 km2
58 Greer County 1,655 km2
59 Cotton County 1,650 km2
60 Seminole County 1,637 km2
61 Okfuskee County 1,619 km2
62 McIntosh County 1,606 km2
63 Haskell County 1,494 km2
64 Adair County 1,492 km2
65 McClain County 1,476 km2
66 Pawnee County 1,476 km2
67 Tulsa County 1,476 km2
68 Nowata County 1,463 km2
69 Wagoner County 1,458 km2
70 Harmon County 1,393 km2
71 Cleveland County 1,388 km2
72 Coal County 1,342 km2
73 Love County 1,334 km2
74 Ottawa County 1,220 km2
75 Murray County 1,083 km2
76 Washington County 1,080 km2
77 Marshall County 961 km2