Mississippi is the 20th state in the United States. For years its history has been shaped by issues such as slavery and race riots.

This is Mississippi

Mississippi is the name of the 20th state in the United States of America. It has been part of the Union since December 10, 1817 and borders the neighboring states of Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee and Alabama. The capital of Mississippi is Jackson. Most of the residents of the state, in which around 3 million people have a permanent residence, also live here. The name comes from Indian and was derived from the Mississippi River. The famous river of the same name flows west of this part of the United States. The state has a narrow coastal area on the Gulf of Mexico in the south. In addition, no other US state has as many black people as Mississippi.

The first residents of Mississippi

In the early days of Mississippi there were various indigenous tribes, including the Caddo, Natchez, and Chickasaw. The first Europeans on this territory were the Spanish navigator Hernando de Soto and the participants in his expedition. The first European settlement was in the area around Biloxi and consisted of French immigrants. In the early 18th century they had various conflicts with the Natchez. In 1763 the British were awarded the area east of the Mississippi River. The first major settlement in Mississippi was made up of British immigrants. Most of these people came from the middle class and left Europe for economic reasons.

Admission into the Union and race unrest as a central problem

Mississippi’s admission to the Union took place on December 20, 1817. It was the 20th state to be admitted to the union. In the 1830s, Mississippi fell into an economic crisis and had to declare national bankruptcy in 1840. In 1861, the state left the Union and merged with ten other southern states to form the Confederate States of America. Issues such as slavery and racial unrest played a significant role during this period. These problems carried over into the 20th century, which is why large numbers of dark-skinned citizens emigrated to the northern states. An important step was the decision of the Supreme Court in 1967 to allow mixed marriage. In the 21st century, Mississippi came into the focus of the media when Hurricane Katrina devastated the country in 2005.

The Mississippi Capital Region

The capital region encompasses southwest Mississippi. It stretches from the capital, Jackson, along many historic cities that line the Mississippi River.

The Mississippi coastal region

The coastal region encompasses the southeast of Mississippi and extends from Laurel to Hattiesburg on the Gulf Coast to the south.

Mississippi Delta

The Mississippi Delta region covers the northwest and west of Mississippi and borders the Mississippi River. This region includes cities such as Greenville, Tunica and Clarksdale.

The mountainous region of Mississippi

The northeastern hills stretch from the end of the Mississippi River Delta to the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.

Middle East Mississippi

The Middle East region comprises the eastern part of Mississippi and is bordered by Alabama. This region includes the cities of Meridian, Columbus and Winona as well as Forest.

Mississippi State Bird and Flower

Largest Counties in Mississippi by Area

According to Countryaah, the biggest counties in Mississippi are listed as below:

Ranking County Area
1 Yazoo County 2,383 km2
2 Bolivar County 2,269 km2
3 Hinds County 2,251 km2
4 Pearl River County 2,103 km2
5 Wayne County 2,098 km2
6 Copiah County 2,012 km2
7 Rankin County 2,007 km2
8 Kemper County 1,984 km2
9 Monroe County 1,979 km2
10 Holmes County 1,958 km2
11 Attala County 1,904 km2
12 Amite County 1,891 km2
13 Jackson County 1,883 km2
14 Washington County 1,875 km2
15 Madison County 1,862 km2
16 Greene County 1,847 km2
17 Marshall County 1,829 km2
18 Lauderdale County 1,823 km2
19 Noxubee County 1,800 km2
20 Jones County 1,797 km2
21 Sunflower County 1,797 km2
22 Clarke County 1,790 km2
23 Panola County 1,772 km2
24 Wilkinson County 1,753 km2
25 Jasper County 1,751 km2
26 Perry County 1,676 km2
27 Tallahatchie County 1,668 km2
28 Smith County 1,647 km2
29 Lafayette County 1,634 km2
30 Carroll County 1,627 km2
31 Scott County 1,577 km2
32 Winston County 1,572 km2
33 Leflore County 1,533 km2
34 Simpson County 1,526 km2
35 Calhoun County 1,520 km2
36 Warren County 1,520 km2
37 Lincoln County 1,518 km2
38 Leake County 1,510 km2
39 Harrison County 1,505 km2
40 Newton County 1,497 km2
41 Neshoba County 1,476 km2
42 Franklin County 1,463 km2
43 Coahoma County 1,435 km2
44 Marion County 1,404 km2
45 Itawamba County 1,378 km2
46 Jefferson County 1,344 km2
47 Chickasaw County 1,300 km2
48 Lowndes County 1,300 km2
49 Lamar County 1,287 km2
50 Pontotoc County 1,287 km2
51 Claiborne County 1,261 km2
52 DeSoto County 1,238 km2
53 George County 1,238 km2
54 Hancock County 1,235 km2
55 Forrest County 1,210 km2
56 Yalobusha County 1,210 km2
57 Adams County 1,191 km2
58 Oktibbeha County 1,186 km2
59 Tippah County 1,186 km2
60 Tunica County 1,178 km2
61 Lee County 1,165 km2
62 Stone County 1,153 km2
63 Lawrence County 1,116 km2
64 Sharkey County 1,109 km2
65 Tishomingo County 1,098 km2
66 Webster County 1,096 km2
67 Grenada County 1,093 km2
68 Choctaw County 1,085 km2
69 Humphreys County 1,083 km2
70 Union County 1,077 km2
71 Prentiss County 1,075 km2
72 Covington County 1,072 km2
73 Issaquena County 1,070 km2
74 Clay County 1,059 km2
75 Pike County 1,059 km2
76 Jefferson Davis County 1,057 km2
77 Benton County 1,054 km2
78 Montgomery County 1,054 km2
79 Quitman County 1,049 km2
80 Tate County 1,046 km2
81 Walthall County 1,046 km2
82 Alcorn County 1,036 km2

LANDMARKS IN MISSISSIPPI

While a large part of the culture is more about music, Mississippi also has some other cultural highlights to offer.

Windsor Ruins at Port Gibson

The old Windsor Ruins plantation is located in southwest Mississippi not far from the city of Port Gibson. It was built between 1859 and 1861 and was the largest plantation and villa of its type in Mississippi. Today visitors can see the remains of the villa. The stone pillars were also used as film locations for films due to their mystical appearance.

Beauvoir (Jefferson Davis Home) in Biloxi

The Beauvoir or Jefferson Davis Home was the home of President Jefferson Davis after the American Civil War. The house, built in 1848, once stood on an area of ​​2.4 km². Today visitors can visit a 210,000 m² area, on the bottom of which the building still stands. There is now a museum there.

Fort Massachusetts at Gulf Port

Fort Massachusetts is a former US Army fort on West Ship Island not far from Gulf Port. This was built between 1859 and 1866 and was in service until 1903. The brick building is now part of the Gulf Islands National Seashore and visitors can access it via passenger ferry.

Mississippi Governor’s Mansion in Jackson

The Mississippi Governor’s Mansion is the residence of the Mississippi Governor. It was built between 1839 and 1842 in the Greek Revival style.

Rowan Oak in Oxford

The Rowan Oak was the former home of the Nobel Prize winner for literature William Faulkner, who lived here for 30 years. It was also built in the Greek Revival style in 1840. In 1972 the University of Mississippi bought the house and turned it into a memorial. Visitors can tour the house and property or take a guided tour.

New State Capitol in Jackson

The New State Capitol in Jackson is the parliament of the state of Mississippi. It was built between 1901 and 1903 and is still the seat of parliament today. The building is in a French Beaux Arts style and on its top is a 2.50 meter high gilded eagle with five meter long wings spread out.

Old State Capitol in Jackson

The Old State Capitol is the old parliament of the state of Mississippi. It was built in 1837 and used until 1903. The building has a neoclassical style and is about 28 meters high. Today there is a museum here, which is dedicated to its own history and the history of the state of Mississippi.

Old Vicksburg Bridge

The Old Vicksburg Bridge spans the Mississippi near the city of Vicksburg. It is 2,605 meters long and is one of the historic buildings. It should also serve as a reminder of the Battle of Vicksburg.

John C. Stennis Space Center at Gulfport

The John C. Stennis Space Center is on the Louisiana border and is the largest test facility for rocket motors. It was built in 1961 and is about 55 km² in size. So far, the drives for the Apollo program, the Space Shuttle and the SpaceShipOne have been built and tested here. The visitor center has exhibitions on NASA and space travel.