Minnesota is the 32nd state in the USA. Native American Indians and French settlers were the driving forces in its history.

The US state of Minnesota

Minnesota is the name of the 32nd state in the United States of America. The name was taken from the original term Mnísota from the Sioux language Dakota. The translation into German is “cloudy water”. Minnesota has been an official state of the USA since 1858. It borders on North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Wisconsin and neighboring Canada. Minnesota is home to more than 5.5 million people, including around 3.5 million in the most populous city of Minneapolis. The capital of the state is Saint Paul. Check TRACKAAH.COM to see population of Minnesota city by city.

Minnesota’s Native Americans and First Immigrants

Before the first Europeans immigrated, Minnesota was home to the Native Americans. The most famous tribes in this region were the Sioux and the Anishinabe. The first European settlers arrived in Minnesota in the early 17th century. These were fur traders from France. The French explorer Daniel Greysolon had an independent fortification built on the shores of Lake Superior in 1679 and declared the northern part of Minnesota as French national territory. After the Seven Years’ War in 1763, France lost this area to Great Britain. At the Peace of Paris the territory between the Upper Lakes and the Mississippi was assigned to the Northwest Territory. Thus, it was under US administration for the first time.

Minnesota as a separate state

The first permanent settlement, Fort Snelling, emerged in the early 19th century. Soldiers built a sawmill and a water mill at the Saint Anthony Falls. Over the years, the city of Minneapolis developed in this area. The official founding date of the Minnesota Territory is March 3, 1849. In the following decade, the population increased many times over. Year after year more settlers came to Minnesota, while living conditions for the Sioux deteriorated. One consequence of this was the six-week Sioux uprising in 1862. The second half of the 19th century in Minnesota was dominated by the economic boom.

Minnesota’s advancement in the 20th century

Despite the enormous advancement in industry, agriculture retained its role as the most important factor in the economy. Nevertheless, difficulties arose in the first half of the century, resulting on the one hand from the global economic crisis and on the other hand from the droughts in the early 1930s. There was a great advancement in industry after the end of World War II. Modern machinery, new professions and businesses shaped the working population in Minnesota.

Minnesota State Bird and Flower

Largest Counties in Minnesota by Area

According to Countryaah, the biggest counties in Minnesota are listed as below:

Ranking County Area
1 Saint Louis County 16,123 km2
2 Koochiching County 8,035 km2
3 Itasca County 6,902 km2
4 Beltrami County 6,489 km2
5 Lake County 5,437 km2
6 Cass County 5,226 km2
7 Otter Tail County 5,127 km2
8 Polk County 5,103 km2
9 Aitkin County 4,712 km2
10 Marshall County 4,590 km2
11 Roseau County 4,306 km2
12 Cook County 3,757 km2
13 Pine County 3,655 km2
14 Stearns County 3,482 km2
15 Becker County 3,394 km2
16 Lake of the Woods County 3,358 km2
17 Morrison County 2,912 km2
18 Kittson County 2,841 km2
19 Clay County 2,707 km2
20 Crow Wing County 2,581 km2
21 Clearwater County 2,576 km2
22 Renville County 2,546 km2
23 Todd County 2,440 km2
24 Hubbard County 2,389 km2
25 Redwood County 2,278 km2
26 Norman County 2,270 km2
27 Fillmore County 2,231 km2
28 Carlton County 2,228 km2
29 Kandiyohi County 2,062 km2
30 Lac qui Parle County 1,981 km2
31 Goodhue County 1,964 km2
32 Yellow Medicine County 1,963 km2
33 Blue Earth County 1,949 km2
34 Wilkin County 1,946 km2
35 Swift County 1,926 km2
36 Nobles County 1,853 km2
37 Lyon County 1,850 km2
38 Faribault County 1,848 km2
39 Mower County 1,843 km2
40 Martin County 1,837 km2
41 Freeborn County 1,833 km2
42 Murray County 1,824 km2
43 Jackson County 1,817 km2
44 Pope County 1,736 km2
45 Wright County 1,711 km2
46 Olmsted County 1,691 km2
47 Cottonwood County 1,658 km2
48 Douglas County 1,643 km2
49 Winona County 1,622 km2
50 Pennington County 1,597 km2
51 Brown County 1,582 km2
52 Meeker County 1,576 km2
53 Sibley County 1,525 km2
54 Chippewa County 1,509 km2
55 Mille Lacs County 1,488 km2
56 Traverse County 1,487 km2
57 Dakota County 1,475 km2
58 Stevens County 1,456 km2
59 Houston County 1,446 km2
60 Hennepin County 1,442 km2
61 Mahnomen County 1,440 km2
62 Grant County 1,415 km2
63 Lincoln County 1,391 km2
64 Wadena County 1,386 km2
65 Kanabec County 1,360 km2
66 Wabasha County 1,360 km2
67 Rice County 1,289 km2
68 Big Stone County 1,287 km2
69 McLeod County 1,274 km2
70 Rock County 1,250 km2
71 Pipestone County 1,207 km2
72 Nicollet County 1,171 km2
73 Le Sueur County 1,162 km2
74 Dodge County 1,138 km2
75 Isanti County 1,137 km2
76 Sherburne County 1,130 km2
77 Watonwan County 1,125 km2
78 Red Lake County 1,120 km2
79 Steele County 1,113 km2
80 Anoka County 1,097 km2
81 Waseca County 1,096 km2
82 Chisago County 1,082 km2
83 Benton County 1,057 km2
84 Washington County 1,014 km2
85 Carver County 925 km2
86 Scott County 924 km2
87 Ramsey County 403 km2