Massachusetts is a state in the northeast of the United States of America. It is home to the influential Kennedy family.

Massachusetts is a US state and is located in the northeast of the country. Its capital is Boston which is also the largest city in Massachusetts. The name has its origin in the Indian Massachusetts language and means at the big hill. The nickname of the state is Bay State.

Massachusetts and the first Europeans in the US state

The first European on the Massachusetts coast was Giovanni da Verrazano in the 16th century. In 1606 the French explorer Samuel de Champlain arrived at Cape God, eight years later Captain Thomas Hund took several natives into captivity and sold them to slave owners. Initially, the Nauset tribe wanted nothing to do with the Europeans. But soon they changed their minds and converted to Christianity. The English adventurer John Smith was the first European to sail in this region in 1614. In 1617 most of the Massachusetts fell victim to an epidemic. In 1675 a law was passed that banned Indians from entering Boston. This law was only repealed in 2005.

Massachusetts in colonial times and after the Revolutionary War

English Puritans founded the Plymouth Colony in 1620 and the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629. Boston was launched a year later. In 1691 the Puritans decided to merge the two colonies. Massachusetts was one of the Thirteen Colonies that opposed the English in the War of Independence. In 1780, the state constitution came into force, which is still in force today. The 18th and 19th centuries were characterized by economic growth, to which fishing contributed significantly.

Industrialization in Massachusetts and attitude to slavery

Massachusetts was a state leader during the industrial revolution of the 19th century. A large number of new factories were opened, for example in the areas of paper, tools and textiles. Before the outbreak of the Civil War, Massachusetts was one of the states that was particularly committed to the abolition of slavery. So it’s no surprise that a black regiment was set up there during the war. In the 20th century, industrialization fell in the state. The Kennedy family, originally from Massachusetts, played an important role in politics.

Massachusetts State Bird and Flower

Largest Counties in Massachusetts by Area

According to Countryaah, the biggest counties in Massachusetts are listed as below:

Ranking County Area
1 Worcester County 3,919 km2
2 Berkshire County 2,411 km2
3 Middlesex County 2,134 km2
4 Franklin County 1,818 km2
5 Plymouth County 1,712 km2
6 Hampden County 1,601 km2
7 Bristol County 1,440 km2
8 Hampshire County 1,370 km2
9 Essex County 1,290 km2
10 Norfolk County 1,036 km2
11 Barnstable County 1,026 km2
12 Dukes County 269 km2
13 Suffolk County 150 km2
14 Nantucket County 124 km2