The state of Indiana in the midwest is known for its vast landscapes and for its annual Indianapolis 500 car race.

Indiana is the 19th state of the USA, the capital and largest city of the low-urbanization region is Indianapolis. The state of Indiana is located south of Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan, in the east it borders with Ohio, in the west with Illinois, in the south the Ohio River forms the border with Kentucky. Indiana is one of the medium-sized US states, over 6.6 million people live on an area of just over 94,000 km² (as of 2019), around 24% of whom have German roots. Only 0.3% of the population claim to have Indian roots, although the name of the state means “land of the Indians”. Indiana residents are called “Hoosier,” the meaning of which is unclear.

Brief History of Indiana

When researchers set foot on what is now the state of Indiana at the end of the 17th century, several Indian tribes were already settling there. Nevertheless, the British occupied and claimed the vast area, which was later called the Northwest Territory, for themselves. In May 1800, the Indiana Territory emerged from it, and other territories followed. In April 1816 the population was granted the right to form a state by law, and at the same time part of the Michigan territory was expanded to the size of the present state. In December 1816, Indiana became the 19th US state to join the union.

Indiana in modern times

Indiana is a typical Midwestern state with little urbanization. Real gross domestic product per capita is slightly below the national average, making Indiana 28th (out of 50) in terms of wealth. (As of 2016). The main industry is the agricultural sector with products such as soybeans, corn, wheat and cattle. The industrial products include steel, electronics and coal. Indiana is also known for motorsports. Since May 1911, Indianapolis 500, one of the oldest and most traditional circuit car races in the world, has been taking place here. The annual spectacle is the world’s largest one-day sporting event and regularly attracts well over 400,000 visitors from all over the world.

Indiana State Bird and Flower

Largest Counties in Indiana by Area

According to Countryaah, the biggest counties in Indiana are listed as below:

Ranking County Area
1 Allen County 1,702 km2
2 LaPorte County 1,549 km2
3 Jasper County 1,450 km2
4 Greene County 1,406 km2
5 Kosciusko County 1,375 km2
6 Knox County 1,336 km2
7 Washington County 1,331 km2
8 Jackson County 1,318 km2
9 Montgomery County 1,308 km2
10 White County 1,308 km2
11 Tippecanoe County 1,295 km2
12 Lake County 1,292 km2
13 Gibson County 1,261 km2
14 Harrison County 1,256 km2
15 Putnam County 1,246 km2
16 Elkhart County 1,199 km2
17 St. Joseph County 1,186 km2
18 Madison County 1,171 km2
19 Randolph County 1,171 km2
20 Lawrence County 1,163 km2
21 Sullivan County 1,158 km2
22 Ripley County 1,155 km2
23 Parke County 1,153 km2
24 Marshall County 1,150 km2
25 Pulaski County 1,124 km2
26 Daviess County 1,111 km2
27 Dubois County 1,106 km2
28 Boone County 1,096 km2
29 Porter County 1,083 km2
30 Grant County 1,072 km2
31 Cass County 1,067 km2
32 Wabash County 1,067 km2
33 Noble County 1,064 km2
34 Shelby County 1,064 km2
35 Posey County 1,062 km2
36 Rush County 1,057 km2
37 Bartholomew County 1,054 km2
38 Hendricks County 1,054 km2
39 Benton County 1,052 km2
40 Clinton County 1,049 km2
41 Morgan County 1,046 km2
42 Vigo County 1,044 km2
43 Newton County 1,041 km2
44 Wayne County 1,041 km2
45 Orange County 1,031 km2
46 Spencer County 1,028 km2
47 Fountain County 1,026 km2
48 Marion County 1,026 km2
49 Monroe County 1,023 km2
50 Hamilton County 1,020 km2
51 Delaware County 1,015 km2
52 Henry County 1,015 km2
53 Owen County 997 km2
54 Warrick County 997 km2
55 Franklin County 995 km2
56 Jay County 995 km2
57 Huntington County 992 km2
58 Perry County 989 km2
59 LaGrange County 984 km2
60 Jennings County 976 km2
61 Miami County 969 km2
62 Clark County 966 km2
63 Decatur County 966 km2
64 Carroll County 963 km2
65 Fulton County 953 km2
66 Wells County 953 km2
67 Warren County 945 km2
68 DeKalb County 940 km2
69 Jefferson County 935 km2
70 Clay County 927 km2
71 Adams County 878 km2
72 Martin County 870 km2
73 Whitley County 870 km2
74 Pike County 865 km2
75 Johnson County 829 km2
76 Brown County 808 km2
77 Starke County 800 km2
78 Steuben County 800 km2
79 Crawford County 793 km2
80 Hancock County 793 km2
81 Dearborn County 790 km2
82 Howard County 759 km2
83 Tipton County 676 km2
84 Vermillion County 666 km2
85 Vanderburgh County 603 km2
86 Switzerland County 572 km2
87 Fayette County 557 km2
88 Scott County 492 km2
89 Blackford County 427 km2
90 Union County 417 km2
91 Floyd County 383 km2
92 Ohio County 223 km2


Architectural highlights and a lively cultural life

Culture may not be the first thing that springs to mind when visiting Indianapolis. But that’s a shame, because the city has a lot to offer. Not least because of this, it is also a popular venue for many trade fairs, exhibitions and other national events. There are also a number of festivals that the city organizes itself. So boredom is guaranteed not to arise in Indianapolis. One of the most imposing buildings, which is also an architectural gem, is the Indiana State Capitol. It was completely renovated not so long ago and now with its echoes of the Renaissance exudes a very special dignity. Entry to the Capitol is free, as is most of the city’s other attractions.

The Indianapolis Arts Center deserves its name. In fact, almost 20 studios and exhibition halls, concert halls and a library come together under its roof. Those who love surprises visit the center at random – there is definitely something going on there. Everyone else can of course find out more about the program at the tourist information office.

Families “have to” go to the Children’s Museum!

Also highly recommended is the Scottish Rite Cathedral, where concerts and exhibitions as well as a significant part of official life in Indianapolis take place. Receptions and banquets are the order of the day here. How good it was to live in the city in the past can be understood by the guest in Benjamin Harrison’s private villa. The former house is now a museum and inspires with its elegant furnishings and the magnificent ballroom.

Back to the families once more: A visit to the children’s museum should be a “must” for them. It is one of the largest of its kind in the world and presents facets of art, history and the natural sciences in an easy-to-understand way. In the interests of visitors, there are also climbing opportunities, a planetarium and a typical American amusement park. If the parents want to do something for themselves in the evening after so much fun with the kids, that’s no problem either. Indianapolis has an excellent reputation for both its fine dining and nightlife.