Georgia is a state in the USA, the capital Atlanta is very well known internationally. Find out more about the history and geography of the US state here.

Georgia is a state in the United States of America. It is located in the southeast of the country and was founded in 1732. Georgia was the last of the Thirteen Colonies and was incorporated into what is now the United States on January 2, 1788, as the fourth state. The capital and largest city of Georgia is Atlanta. Check TRACKAAH.COM to see population of Georgia city by city.

Georgia State Bird and Flower

Georgia’s early phase and the importance of Spain and England

The first Europeans came to Georgia in the 16th century. These were the Spanish explorers Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón and Hernando de Soto. At that time the area was inhabited by several indigenous peoples. This period was mainly marked by the rivalry between England and Spain. In 1733, British adventurer James Oglethorpe founded the first settlement, which has served as a British colony over the years. In 1776, Georgia was liberated from British rule. The country became autonomous.

Georgia joining the state and dealing with the issue of slavery

On January 2, 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to join the state of the United States of America. Ten years later the slave trade was banned, although the use of slaves was still permitted. From 1861 to 1865, North America was characterized by civil war. Georgia was then a member of the Confederate States of America and had to accept some heavy losses.

Georgia’s development in the 20th century

Georgia experienced a constitutional crisis in the years after World War II. There were three different governors within a short period of time. Racial segregation was the central issue in Georgia in the 1960s and 1970s. At that time it was still common in this part of the country. Supporters of the civil rights movement protested again and again against the conditions that prevailed in this US state. The opponents of racial segregation considered Georgia to be one of the most backward states in the struggle for equality. In June 1967, the Georgia ban on mixed marriage was lifted. In the 1980s there was an economic boom, which resulted in a large number of new companies. In 1990 the International Olympic Committee awarded Atlanta the organization of the 1996 Summer Olympics.

Largest Counties in Georgia by Area

According to Countryaah, the biggest counties in Georgia are listed as below:

Ranking County Area
1 Ware County 2,339 km2
2 Burke County 2,152 km2
3 Laurens County 2,106 km2
4 Clinch County 2,095 km2
5 Charlton County 2,023 km2
6 Emanuel County 1,777 km2
7 Bulloch County 1,769 km2
8 Washington County 1,761 km2
9 Screven County 1,678 km2
10 Wayne County 1,671 km2
11 Camden County 1,632 km2
12 Coffee County 1,551 km2
13 Decatur County 1,546 km2
14 Worth County 1,476 km2
15 Colquitt County 1,430 km2
16 Thomas County 1,419 km2
17 Fulton County 1,370 km2
18 Jefferson County 1,368 km2
19 Liberty County 1,344 km2
20 Floyd County 1,329 km2
21 Mitchell County 1,326 km2
22 Early County 1,323 km2
23 Appling County 1,318 km2
24 Lowndes County 1,305 km2
25 Meriwether County 1,303 km2
26 Dodge County 1,298 km2
27 Carroll County 1,292 km2
28 Brooks County 1,279 km2
29 Sumter County 1,256 km2
30 Tattnall County 1,254 km2
31 Effingham County 1,243 km2
32 Hancock County 1,225 km2
33 Wilkes County 1,220 km2
34 Harris County 1,202 km2
35 Bartow County 1,191 km2
36 Stewart County 1,189 km2
37 Grady County 1,186 km2
38 Berrien County 1,171 km2
39 Wilkinson County 1,158 km2
40 Walker County 1,155 km2
41 Brantley County 1,150 km2
42 Coweta County 1,147 km2
43 Bryan County 1,145 km2
44 Oglethorpe County 1,142 km2
45 Telfair County 1,142 km2
46 Chatham County 1,140 km2
47 McIntosh County 1,124 km2
48 Gwinnett County 1,121 km2
49 Randolph County 1,111 km2
50 Gilmer County 1,106 km2
51 Cherokee County 1,098 km2
52 Glynn County 1,093 km2
53 Troup County 1,072 km2
54 Echols County 1,046 km2
55 Macon County 1,044 km2
56 Long County 1,039 km2
57 Monroe County 1,026 km2
58 Hall County 1,020 km2
59 Jones County 1,020 km2
60 Dooly County 1,018 km2
61 Talbot County 1,018 km2
62 Greene County 1,005 km2
63 Fannin County 1,000 km2
64 Wilcox County 984 km2
65 Taylor County 979 km2
66 Houston County 976 km2
67 Rabun County 961 km2
68 Jasper County 958 km2
69 Elbert County 956 km2
70 Marion County 951 km2
71 Toombs County 951 km2
72 Twiggs County 932 km2
73 Irwin County 925 km2
74 Lee County 922 km2
75 Gordon County 919 km2
76 Jenkins County 906 km2
77 Morgan County 906 km2
78 Murray County 891 km2
79 Putnam County 891 km2
80 Baker County 888 km2
81 Pierce County 888 km2
82 Jackson County 886 km2
83 Cobb County 881 km2
84 Atkinson County 875 km2
85 Terrell County 870 km2
86 Jeff Davis County 862 km2
87 Dougherty County 855 km2
88 Walton County 852 km2
89 Upson County 844 km2
90 Crawford County 842 km2
91 Richmond County 839 km2
92 Henry County 837 km2
93 Union County 837 km2
94 Chattooga County 813 km2
95 Paulding County 813 km2
96 Polk County 805 km2
97 Johnson County 787 km2
98 Wheeler County 772 km2
99 Heard County 767 km2
100 Columbia County 751 km2
101 Whitfield County 751 km2
102 Turner County 741 km2
103 Warren County 741 km2
104 Bacon County 738 km2
105 Lumpkin County 736 km2
106 Madison County 736 km2
107 Miller County 733 km2
108 Haralson County 730 km2
109 Calhoun County 725 km2
110 Habersham County 720 km2
111 Newton County 715 km2
112 Crisp County 710 km2
113 DeKalb County 694 km2
114 Tift County 686 km2
115 Franklin County 681 km2
116 McDuffie County 673 km2
117 Baldwin County 668 km2
118 Ben Hill County 653 km2
119 Bibb County 647 km2
120 Chattahoochee County 645 km2
121 Candler County 640 km2
122 Pulaski County 640 km2
123 Montgomery County 635 km2
124 White County 627 km2
125 Seminole County 616 km2
126 Banks County 606 km2
127 Hart County 601 km2
128 Pickens County 601 km2
129 Cook County 593 km2
130 Forsyth County 585 km2
131 Pike County 565 km2
132 Bleckley County 562 km2
133 Muscogee County 559 km2
134 Dawson County 546 km2
135 Lincoln County 546 km2
136 Webster County 544 km2
137 Treutlen County 521 km2
138 Douglas County 515 km2
139 Spalding County 513 km2
140 Fayette County 510 km2
141 Clay County 505 km2
142 Taliaferro County 505 km2
143 Butts County 484 km2
144 Lanier County 484 km2
145 Oconee County 482 km2
146 Evans County 479 km2
147 Lamar County 479 km2
148 Stephens County 464 km2
149 Dade County 451 km2
150 Schley County 435 km2
151 Towns County 430 km2
152 Barrow County 420 km2
153 Catoosa County 420 km2
154 Quitman County 394 km2
155 Peach County 391 km2
156 Glascock County 373 km2
157 Clayton County 370 km2
158 Rockdale County 339 km2
159 Clarke County 313 km2

Georgia Landmarks

Swan House

The “Swan House” is located in Atlanta. It was built in 1928 for Edward and Emily Imman who lived on this stately home for many years. The “Swan House” is one of the most beautiful houses in Atlanta and offers an insight into the extremely luxurious lifestyle of the affluent population in the early 20th century. The name “Swan House” owes the beautiful villa to the many swan motifs that adorn not only the interior but also the facade of the house. The property is embedded in a small forest and the park in the foreground of the house is lined with various gardens and fountains. Today the “Swan House” is part of the Atlanta History Center and operates as a historical house museum,

Tallulah Gorge State Park

The “Tallulah Gorge State Park” is a 1,088 hectare state park between Rabun and Habersham Counties. The heart of the park is the 300 m deep gorge, the “Tallulah Gorge”. The main attraction of the gorge is the six waterfalls known as the “Tallulah Falls”. The park offers a wide range of leisure activities of all kinds. You can hike and take mountain bike tours here, swim in the 25 hectare lake with beach, fish, picnic or take part in a whitewater paddling tour.

Telfair Museum of Art

The Telfair Museum of Art is located in Savannah. The “Telfair Museum of Art”, named after Mary Telfair, is one of the oldest art museums in the southern United States. Founded in 1886, it was the first public art museum in the south. The museum complex consists of three buildings, including two historic residential buildings that are listed as historical monuments and date from the 19th century. More than 4,500 American and European paintings from the 19th and 20th centuries, sculptures, works on paper and an extensive collection of handicrafts and various pieces of furniture, also from the 19th century, are on display.

William Breman Jewish Heritage & Holocaust Museum

The Breman Museum is an Atlanta museum that deals with Jewish history and focuses on Georgia and the Holocaust. It opened in 1996 and is the largest museum of its kind in the southeast. The museum was named after the businessman William Breman, who was active as a philanthropist in the Jewish community of Atlanta.

Wormsloe Historic Site

The Wormsloe Historic Site, also known as the Wormsloe Plantation, is a historic monument near Savannah. “Wormsloe Plantation” was a huge estate founded by Noble Jones, one of Georgia’s colonial founders. Part of the “Wormsloe Historic Site” is a beautiful 2.4 km long avenue lined with ancient oak trees, the ruins of Jones’ house, a museum and an open-air museum that shows everyday life in colonial times. In the museum, visitors can marvel at artefacts that have been excavated on the Wormsloe site or take a tour with costumed guides.