Many lures fly fishermen use to catch fish are designed to duplicate the immature and adult aquatic insects such as mayflies, caddisflies, stoneflies, damselflies, dragonflies, mosquitoes and others. However, many other types of fish feed are also represented by flies, bait fish, leeches, worms, crustaceans, etc. So the term “fly” is just generic, and does not refer specifically to flying insects.
Fly basic groups
Most flies fall into three basic categories: dry flies, nymphs (sometimes called “wet flies”), and streamers. When you visit a store flies or browse through an online catalog, usually you will find that flies are listed or appear divided into these general groups.
Dry flies float on the water surface, and mimic a wide range of foods, such as adult mayflies, caddis flies, grasshoppers, crickets, ants and many others. The magic of seeing a trout, perch fish pan or take a dry fly floating on the water surface is one of the largest sightings in fly fishing. Worms and deer hair floats for perches, used to perch and pan fish are also dry flies as they float on the surface.
Nymph / Wet Flies
Nymphs and wet flies represent immature life stages of insects such as mayflies, caddisflies, stoneflies and others. These flies are fished beneath the water surface and usually work best just before an explosion of aquatic insects, nymphs and pupae when representing become active (see progress on http://www.andrewfishing.com/shop/ice-fishing-bait/).
Some special nymphs, emerging calls, imitate emerging adult insects and fish or below the water surface. Called emerging, these flies are half wet and half dry, but because they do not float on top of water, we included with nymphs and wet flies.
They represent minnows, leeches and other foods that provide snacks swimming for perch, trout, pan fish and saltwater fish such as tarpon, redfish, bonefish and striped bass. Although all fish, regardless of size, will attack the streamers, these flies are well known for their ability to withstand the larger fish from streams, ponds, lakes and saltwater.
Fly sizes are referenced by a number indicating the size of the hook to which they are linked. For most trout flies, the higher the number, the lower the fly. For example, a Adams size 18 (Adams # 18) is smaller than a Adams size 12. In smaller sizes # 2, the sizes are represented by even numbers, so that in our example there is a difference of four sizes Adams hooks between # 12 and # 18.
For any hook size, the length of the hook-handle can be standard, extra long or extra-short. Extra short extra long handles (XL) and (XS) are given in multiples of standard length, as 1XS or 4XL. The wire hook is also available in extra-thin and extra heavy sizes.
Larger hooks are generally used for perch and saltwater flies, but fishermen lurking really big trout sometimes use these sizes.
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