A crossbow is a bow, as already used for thousands of years ago, in combination with a column similar to a rifle stock. The arch is mounted on the player in such a way as to prevent any kind of cross is formed. On the column is placed, a mechanism by which the tendons attached to the bow rail, can be and are attached turn until the arrow is shot. Traction can be achieved with this mechanism is very high.
Parts of the crossbow
The Arch of the original crossbow was made from either wood or composite materials. The wood thus used was of good quality hardwoods like Oak and Maple. The all-wood arch bars was easier than the vaults of composite materials. Arch Bars of composite materials such as horn consisted of internal and external djursenor in combination with wood. These materials would be attached by strong adhesive whereby the drying of the glue sometimes lasted for six months. At the end of the fifteenth and beginning of the sixteenth century, the steel arch bars growing to be done because when steel production made great progress.
The column consisted of wood from Hazel, ash, Elm or yew where adhesives or lacquer over was blankly.
For the tendons of the crossbow strong fibers that are normally used in linen, hemp or animal sinew is derived from connective tissue disorders of the cervical spine.
Arrows used were short and heavy with a length between 15 and 40 centimeters.
Crossbow long downtime
Probably the crossbow in the sixth century before Christ, was invented by the Chinese. China is the weapon in the West ended with the Romans. After the fall of the Roman Empire disappeared crossbows and 950 in a French manuscript appeared again. But it was not until the late eleventh century until the crossbow was used regularly again. But the weapon was so deadly that it was banned by the Pope because he was a God hostile weapons. Users served Church expelled. But they got to use it against the infidels.
Advantages over bow
The crossbow had two major advantages over the former bow. First of all, by their destructive power that a shot arrow can penetrate the armor back, and secondly because it requires so much skill and power that could be used by all. The latter, unlike bow that after years of practice could truly be served.
For protection when loading bow archers wore a shield on his back as almost his entire body covered when they flip on loading with the safe direction of the enemy. ?? As a shield called the pavise. The pavise can also provide another way to protect by removing it and sticking in the ground after the shooter stood at reloading behind. Pavises could also be placed with a number next to each other. They sometimes liberally painted with religious scenes, so that they would provide better protection against the enemy.
For centuries a little changed
Around 1400 model of crossbow changed and weapons hereinafter held against the shoulder in order to focus better. In the seventeenth century, the piston like in a column of a real piston later buttstock.What material and technology is concerned, the crossbow then until well into the twentieth century, was largely unchanged. Just about halfway through the century, the crossbow changes through the use of lighter materials in plastic.
Hunting prohibited crossbows in the Netherlands
In the Netherlands with hunting crossbows prohibited in contrast to the United States. Yet the crossbow is not illegal. But there are some legal restrictions. The owner of a Crossbow must be at least 18 years of age and the bow should be used only in an enclosed area. Crossbow must be disassembled for transport so that it cannot be shot with it immediately. Shoot with crossbow usually occurs in athletic competitions in clubs.
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