California is the third largest state in the United States with a population of over 39 million. The capital of California is Sacramento.

California is one of the states of the United States of America. The state has the largest population of all and is the third largest in area after Alaska and Texas. California is located in the western United States and borders Arizona, Nevada, and Oregon, and Mexico. The entire west of the area lies on the Pacific Ocean. 39 million people populate this US state.

California was colonized by the Spanish. After Mexican independence, the country became a Mexican province. In 1845 the United States annexed Texas and submitted an offer to buy California for Mexico, which was rejected. In 1846, American settlers declared California’s independence. In 1850 California became the 31st state in the United States.

The area is a popular travel destination, especially because of the many nature parks. The most famous is Yosemite National Park. There are numerous beaches on the Pacific coast that attract bathers and surfers. The second highest mountain in the USA, Mount Whitney at 4,418 m, is located here. In contrast, the lowest point in the USA in the desert area of Death Valley, which is 85.5 m below sea level.

Besides English-speaking Americans, the population consists largely of Hispanic immigrants, so Spanish is the most widely spoken language alongside English. There are also a few small Indian reservations, the residents of which take care to preserve their traditions. The largest cities in the state include Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, San José, and Freseno.

California State Bird and Flower

Largest Counties in California by Area

According to Countryaah, the biggest counties in California are listed as below:

Ranking County Area
1 San Bernardino County 51,960 km2
2 Inyo County 26,397 km2
3 Kern County 21,088 km2
4 Riverside County 18,669 km2
5 Siskiyou County 16,283 km2
6 Fresno County 15,444 km2
7 Tulare County 12,494 km2
8 Lassen County 11,805 km2
9 San Diego County 10,888 km2
10 Imperial County 10,813 km2
11 Los Angeles County 10,515 km2
12 Modoc County 10,215 km2
13 Shasta County 9,806 km2
14 Humboldt County 9,254 km2
15 Mendocino County 9,088 km2
16 Monterey County 8,604 km2
17 San Luis Obispo County 8,557 km2
18 Trinity County 8,234 km2
19 Mono County 7,884 km2
20 Tehama County 7,643 km2
21 Santa Barbara County 7,091 km2
22 Plumas County 6,615 km2
23 Tuolumne County 5,791 km2
24 Madera County 5,537 km2
25 Merced County 4,996 km2
26 Ventura County 4,781 km2
27 El Dorado County 4,434 km2
28 Butte County 4,248 km2
29 Sonoma County 4,082 km2
30 Stanislaus County 3,872 km2
31 Mariposa County 3,758 km2
32 Placer County 3,644 km2
33 San Joaquin County 3,623 km2
34 Kings County 3,600 km2
35 San Benito County 3,597 km2
36 Glenn County 3,406 km2
37 Santa Clara County 3,344 km2
38 Lake County 3,258 km2
39 Colusa County 2,981 km2
40 Calaveras County 2,642 km2
41 Yolo County 2,621 km2
42 Del Norte County 2,611 km2
43 Sacramento County 2,502 km2
44 Nevada County 2,481 km2
45 Sierra County 2,468 km2
46 Orange County 2,455 km2
47 Solano County 2,145 km2
48 Napa County 1,953 km2
49 Alpine County 1,914 km2
50 Alameda County 1,911 km2
51 Contra Costa County 1,865 km2
52 Yuba County 1,632 km2
53 Amador County 1,570 km2
54 Sutter County 1,562 km2
55 Marin County 1,347 km2
56 San Mateo County 1,163 km2
57 Santa Cruz County 1,155 km2
58 San Francisco 122 km2


Los Angeles is the largest city in California and, in fact, the second largest city (by metropolitan area) in the United States after New York City. This exciting and diverse city is located on the west coast in southwestern California. A famous feature of LA is the white Hollywood lettering, because the heart of the city definitely beats for entertainment. It is indicative of the fact that every sixth person works in the entertainment or cultural sector. Nonetheless, Los Angeles is also an important economic location in terms of fashion, technology, culture or trade. The latter can be seen in the ports of Los Angeles: Port Angeles is of great importance for trade in the Pacific region and the international airport is one of the five largest in the world.

Geographically, Los Angeles is both flat and hilly, with the Los Angeles River and the ocean flowing through the city and great beaches not far. In the sunny state of California, especially in LA, the sun shines predominantly and there is a subtropical-Mediterranean climate. America’s melting pot can also be felt here, because the city’s population structure is very complex. The people who live here come from all over the world and make the city colorful and varied.

Location: directly on the Pacific Ocean in southwest California

Population: approx. 3.8 million

Area: 1,291 / km2

Nicknames: City of Angels, LA, Entertainment Capital of the World

History: Although the first Europeans discovered the area in what is now Los Angeles as early as 1542, it was not until 1769 that the Spaniards conquered this part of the country for themselves. Felipe de Neve was appointed governor of California to promote the settlement. In 1781 the town of Los Angeles was founded, initially with 44 settlers. After Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, Los Angeles first belonged to Mexico. Even then, the steadily growing community consisted of a mixed population: predominantly Mexican, American, European and Chinese settlers initially gained a foothold here. After the Mexican-American War, California was ceded to the United States in 1848 and Los Angeles officially became “American” 2 years later.

In 1848, gold discoveries in California triggered the famous gold rush, which attracted countless people from the Midwest to the region. The mild climate, the developing industry, oil discoveries, the construction of the port as well as the railroad and finally the development of the film industry drove the growth of the city powerfully until the end of the 19th century. The Hollywood brand was established at the beginning of the 20th century when many film producers discovered the region for themselves. It can also get pretty sporty in LA: In 1932 and 1984 the city hosted the Olympic Games, the SuperBowl has already been held there 7 times.

Cultural / Museums: Hammer Museum of Art, Californian African American Museum, Getty Villa & Getty Center, Barnsdall Art Park, Chinese American Museum, Autry National Center of the American West, California Science Center, Grammy Museum, Museum of Contemporary Art, Geffen Contemporary at MOCA, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, George C. Page Museum, Los Angeles Maritime Museum, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Petersen Automotive Museum, Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Sights: Hollywood, Sunset Boulevard, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Anaheim, Santa Barbara, Long Beach, Chinatown, Walt Disney Concert Hall, US Bank Tower, Plaza Historic District, Little Tokyo, Olvera Street, Koreatown, City Hall, Griffith Observatory, Skyline

LA is also the venue for all major award ceremonies and award shows: Academy Awards (Oscars), American Music Awards, Emmy Awards, Golden Globe Awards, Grammy Awards, People’s Choice Awards, Screen Actors Guild Awards

Famous Personalities: Jodie Foster (actress), Dustin Hoffman (actor), Marilyn Monroe (actress), Randy Newman (singer and pianist), Gwyneth Paltrow (actress), Leonardo DiCaprio (actor), Michael Cooper (basketball player), Dr. Dre (rapper and producer) etc.