Considered the biggest floodable area of the planet, the Pantanal is marked by its rich biological diversity: are 656 species of birds, fish, 122 263 of mammals and 93 of reptiles living in the region. Their exuberance made him one of the most popular eco-tourism destinations in the country, and justified the Declaration by Unesco, also in 2000, as a biosphere reserve.
The Pantanal occupies the western part of the States of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, totaling 1.8% of the national territory, with an extension of approximately 250 1000 km2. Extends even by the Paraguay, Bolivia and Argentina, where it is known as the chaco. Is covered by greenery mostly open, which sets up one of the richest and complete wildlife reserves on the planet.
Its landscape is marked by an incredible diversity of birds, like tuiuiús (considered the bird symbol of the Pantanal), macaws, waters, spoonbills, heads-dried, emus, herons, hawks, parrots, ducks, toucans, among others. Is considered a paradise for bird watchers and the best time for bird watching is from May to October, the dry season, when nesting areas and natural ponds come to house up to 5 1000 individuals. It is worth noting that the region is considered one of the three most important places in the world for the migratory routes of the birds.
Mammals such as the capybara (the largest rodent in the planet), Anteaters, tapirs, giant otters, pigs, monkeys, in addition to the largest feline of the Americas, the Jaguar, also part of the scenario. Another famous and abundant animal Pantanal is the alligator, which can be seen basking in the Sun on the shores of lakes and rivers. He is one of the highlights of the night tours, when the brightness of your eyes reflect the light of the lanterns from the guides and ecotourists. Other reptiles are also found in the Pantanal, including chameleons, blue tegu lizards, tortoises, anacondas and BOA constrictors.
In the flood season, from October to March, the rivers will overflow volume increasing, reaching up to three metres above the bed in the months of January and February, at some points. This time, the Pantanal is virtually impassable by land. In the remainder of the year, the soil forms an excellent pasture for cattle. From April the rivers dry slowly. The Pantanal is also one of the largest river basins of Brazil: it is crossed by the rio Paraguay; some of its tributaries such as the river St. Lawrence, Sepotuba, Taquari, Miranda, Negro and Nabileque; and by a network of nearly 150 smaller rivers.
All this wealth, however, is under growing threat of human action, whether by the boom of ecotourism in the region or for developing fisheries and livestock. The International Union of conservation of nature (IUCN), in flood plains, inventory puts the Pantanal “among the most vulnerable in the world and perhaps the most exposed, in the coming decades, such drastic changes, which could lead to its complete destruction. If there are specific actions for the maintenance of economic activities in the region (with emphasis on eco-tourism and the services he aggregates) and environmental degradation control, natural resources will be committed to future generations.
Ecotourism and adventure sports
For being a place of lush natural beauty, the Pantanal ended up turning into a perfect backdrop for eco-tourism and adventure sports. On the spot it is possible to practice activities such as paragliding, biking, canoeing, walking trails, photographic Safari, recreational fishing and sport, horseback riding and even snorkeling, in incredibly translucent water rivers. It is recommended that all activity be performed with professional supervision of instructors, monitors or guides, and with respect to an environment so delicate.
The region served as a stage for various competitions, such as the Back of the Chassis Pantanal, held annually, the International Wetland Adventure Games and X-Pantanal, gliding competition, as well as rallies and adventure racing.
Among the most visited cities Beautiful cite, Garden Valley, Miranda and its surroundings, located in the Mato Grosso do Sul, about 1300 km from Brasília (going through Campo Grande Mato Grosso do Sul, Cuiabá-MT and Goiânia – GO). Eco-tourism in this region of the Pantanal, especially in Bonito, is considered one of the most organized throughout the world. There are rivers of transparent waters, as the river Olho d ‘ Água, a tributary of the Río de la Plata, where tourists are driven to strolls of floating (floating), traveling the beautiful underwater landscapes. As indicates its name, is “beautiful” enough.
To the Northwest, the 100 km of Miranda (MS), a significant part of the Pantanal sulmatogrossense is cut by the Pantanal Park Road. The Parque Nacional do Pantanal Mato-Grossense, located on the border of the States of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul and separated from the Serra da Bodoquena, Bonito is another prominent site.
The city of Corumbá (MS), hosts the largest concentration of hotels in the region and has specialized tourist agencies that offer all kinds of activities related to the environment. The fishing activity is also strong in the region, represented by the presence of small boats-boat sailing by the River Paraguay hotels in search of locations known as fishing grounds. Access by car to the region are made by BR-262.
Sport fishing, permitted outside the spawning period (generally between September and January) is one of the most popular activities in the region. With about of 300 species of fish, there can fish jaús, dourados, pacus, painted, piraíbas, piracanjubas and piraputangas, besides the famous and dreaded piranha – whose stock, typical local dish, is regarded as an aphrodisiac.
The Pantanal is also possible to take river cruises on boats used for fishing and sailing primarily by rivers Paraguay, Taquari, Cuiabá and São Lourenço, in scripts that combine fishing, animal watching and visits to refuges and natural reserves.
To conclude, it is impossible to speak of Pantanal and don’t quote large cattle ranches, where pawn boiadeiro reigns with its rusticity, Rico folklore and culture.
Pantanal with Trails & Directions
To bring snacks and accessories in made in the Pantanal, a good tip is to backpack Anaton 18, which features anatomical format and space for flexible canteen. Another option is the Crampon 15backpack, perfect for short walks. Has side pockets, screen adjustments, ventilated back, barrigueira and pectoral stabilizers. Even for short walks, we suggest the Case Acqua, Fanny Pack light with support for two clutches of water and inside pocket for documents.
A good choice of clothing is the Sec Tecshirt, which is made in polyester and dries quickly after washing. Leaves no smell, is lightweight, compact and not crumple. Great to take to be used in hiking. To handle the unexpected winds, we suggest the Windbreak Minuano, which is very light and compact and essential to always have in the back of the Pack. And for the possible rains, the tip is the Anorak Storm Shelter, which has resistance to 10000 mm waterproofing water column and sealed seams.
In times of cold, the Mantafleece Bag is at the same time a blanket, a poncho and a sleeping bag. Made in Polar-type tissue, identical to the one used in our coats he Thermotex gather good protection against the cold (to +10° C) with small volume.
A good suggestion of accessory is a super absorbent Towel Coghlans, which absorbs 10 times its weight in water, that is, is at least three times more efficient than an ordinary cotton towel. To twist it, you can remove up to 90% of the water absorbed, leaving it ready for use.
Another interesting accessory to be taken to the Pantanal is the Waterproof Pouch Coghlan’s. Great for protecting documents, money, camera, maps, matches or any object that should stay away from the water. Made of resistant PVC, has unique system and closings still comes with a nylon okay. Should not be used in scuba diving.
Pantanal Footage #page 4
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