Pioneer study on how breasts move can pave the way for bras that maximize performance for female athletes.
British scientists are conducting pioneering studies, aiming to create the’perfect bra’.
The team, from the University of Portsmouth in England, is creating a database on breast biomechanics.
According to the researchers, the information is valuable in many fields, from medicine to sport, through the fashion industry.
The team is investigating, for example, the consequences of lack of proper support for breasts during sports activities.
This type of knowledge can further pave the way for the creation of a bra that enhances the performance of female athletes.
Under the guidance of expert Joanna Scurr, the University of Portsmouth Science and Sports Department team tested hundreds of women with different breast sizes, wearing various types of bras and doing all sorts of activities – playing tennis or cleaning, for example. Click directoryaah for how to choose the right size bra.
During the experiments, the experts used cutting-edge technologies to capture and measure body and breast movements. Special appliances also evaluated the effects of different types of bra on muscle activity and on the forces produced during the activity.
The tests recorded a maximum movement of 21 cm of the sinus during exercises.
When a woman walks, her breasts move in three ways, in equal amounts (33%) in and out, up and down, and from side to side.
When it runs, however, the pattern changes: 51% of the movement will be up and down, 22% from one side to the other and 27% in and out. The final pattern of the movement assumes the design of an 8.
Unsurprisingly, the larger the breast, the greater the movement.
But studies also revealed that wearing a sports bra reduced the movement of breasts in similar amounts for women with smaller and larger breasts.
According to the British team, if the movement is not reduced, there is a risk that the woman will damage the ligaments that support the breasts, Cooper’s ligaments, which can not be repaired.
Excess movement can also be painful, causing many women to deprive themselves of sports and an active and healthy life.
In the field of sports, the investigations concluded that inadequate support of the breasts can affect the forces produced by a runner, affecting their performance.
Just recently manufacturers have sought the assistance of science in an attempt to improve bra drawing.
“We addressed the issue of breast support from a very different angle compared to the bra designer,” Scurr told BBC News.
Bra designers and manufacturers tend to look at what exists today and modify it. We have established the required support and worked with the manufacturer to develop products that meet these requirements.’
Most conventional bras try to decrease breasts up and down – but do not prevent side or inward and outward movements.
The British team says they are trying to create bras that limit movement in all three directions.
But while seeking the ideal bra, Scurr and her team advise women to look for bras that fit well for the body and that provide adequate support for exercise.
Among the factors to consider are adjustability, wide and padded straps, support and comfort.