Biodegradable Water Bottles

She delivers, for the first time, an overall assessment of the pollution of the surface of the seas by this rubbish all. The numbers are staggering: 269 000 tons consisting of more than 5 thousand billions of particles of all sizes. Again the authors they point out that their estimates are “very conservative” and can be considered a ‘minimum’.

Biodegradable Water Bottles

The pile in the ocean environment of floating plastic debris-fragments of bags, bottles, cans and other packaging, but also pellets industrial-, routed of the land by the winds and rivers, or discarded at sea by ships, is known since the end of the 1990s.

Huge areas of convergence, called “oceanic gyres”, have been discovered in the North Pacific – a cluster of 3.4 million km2, dubbed the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch”, or “big trash of the Pacific”-, so as in the South Pacific, North Atlantic and South and the Indian ocean. But all the seas of the globe are soiled. “The plastics and microplastics are present throughout the world ocean”, noted the researchers.

The team, led by Marcus Eriksen, of the Five Gyres Institute in California, has assembled, modeled and analyzed data collected over twenty-four Oceanographic campaigns carried out between 2007 and 2013 in the five areas of oceanic gyres, but also near the Australian coast, in the Gulf of Bengal and in the Mediterranean. Or more than 1,500 sites where scientists have collected in their samples, for the smaller debris nets, or Visual observations, for bigger.

Biodegradable Water Bottles 1

They were able to quantify pollution to plastic, affecting “all oceans, including the most remote areas”. It appears in fact that the waste are not only concentrated in the major areas of convergence, where their densities are “weaker than expected”, but that coastal areas are also “very affected”, especially in the Mediterranean.

Live with disposability

After the bio-plastic that degrades natural fertilizer, the eco Cup or edible packaging, a new invention offers as an ecological alternative to plastic bottles. Design of products at the Academy of Arts of Iceland student, Ari Jonsson has designed a biodegradable bottle made from algae. His invention was exposed in March 2016 at the festival DesignMarch in Reykjavik. ” I read that 50% of the plastic is used only once then throw and I feel that there is an urgent need to find ways to replace a part of the quantity of unreal of plastic that we make, use and reject every day ,” he explained to Dezeen.

Biodegradable Water Bottles 2

His research led him to use agar, a substance made from algae and that, combined with water form a gelatinous material: the ingredient is used in the kitchen as a thickening or gelling. Once you have found the right proportions, the student has warmed up and then poured the substance into a mold shaped bottle kept in the fridge. By then turning the mold inside a bucket of ice water, the liquid took shape of bottle.

Then the mold was placed in the refrigerator a few minutes before the bottle of agar is extracted. Result: a bottle plastic biodegradable and healthy. But it has one major feature: it remains solid until it is full and starts to decompose as soon as empty. Another feature, if the water is consumed only after a certain time, she gradually takes the natural flavor of the bottle. ARI Jonsson argues that those who like the taste should even bite into the bottle. If the production process may seem archaic, it works perfectly and begs to be industrialized.

Free competition saves plastic

What is certain, is that plastics, which persist for hundreds of years, contaminate ‘all oceans, ecosystems including marine, zooplankton and the species living in the sediment’, recalls Marcus Eriksen. And they can, he adds, “focus organic pollutants and affect the operation of the food chains’.

Biodegradable Water Bottles 3

The initiative is fortunately not isolated. We also talked about the ‘made in France’ bioplastic from an another seaweed. From natural, organic and biodegradable materials, inventors from various countries are working to find alternatives to plastic. Solutions which, as ingenious as they are, seem small in the face of the petrochemical industry and, especially, offer a development of disposability in the illusive logic of ‘green capitalism ‘.

‘And that is the problem. Synthetic plastic being cheapest materials for making running water bottle, and the States with virtually no sufficient assistance, the industrial transition of large scale is imperceptible. Just too slow to slow down, even a little, this environmental crisis that assails us on all sides. Limit the damage?

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